By DCode Care Team | June 30th 2022
Colorectal cancer is slowly becoming one of the leading cancers in many countries across the globe. It causes the third most number of cancer-related deaths in both males and females. Although there is no exact number, it causes over 53,000 deaths yearly as per a rough estimate. It makes important to have screened at the right time for colorectal cancer.
However, the question is when someone is screened for colorectal cancer should. There is no straight answer for this topic as it depends on factors like family history, lifestyle, ethnicity, and many more. We will discuss colorectal cancer in detail to give important information to the readers.
The cancer stage is determined by how far this disease has spread. We have explained the
five main stages below:
It is the earliest stage where cancer only reaches the inner part of the rectum.
Cancer reaches the inner layer of the rectum but doesn’t spread beyond its wall.
Cancer might haven’t reached the lymph nodes, but it has already grown beyond the colon wall.
The tumor has affected the lymph nodes but has yet to reach the other parts of the body.
Stage 4 is the condition where the tumor enters the other parts of the body, including the lungs, kidneys, and liver.
The chances of facing any symptoms in the early phase of this disease. It needs to be understood that the real ones begin once cancer spreads in the body. Have a look at the major symptoms of colorectal cancer in detail below:
An individual with colon cancer feels significant changes in bowel habits that need to be taken seriously. It can be constipation, diarrhoea, or stool narrowing that lasts for weeks or even months.
Another symptom that can be commonly acknowledged in patients with this cancer is unintended weight loss. It is coupled with weakness and fatigue in many cases.
It is common to see rectal bleeding when colon cancer spreads in the body. There is bright red blood from the rectal area in most cases.
The chances of blood in the stool are very high once cancer reaches the next stage. It makes the stool either black or dark brown in many patients.
Patients feel an urge to have a bowel movement even after having one. It turns out to be pretty irritating that everyone wishes to avoid.
Feeling bloating in the belly is a very common symptom of colorectal cancer.
We have divided this part into two categories, one for those at the average risk and the other for individuals with a higher risk. It needs to understand that everybody has a unique body, but few things are common for everyone.
Individuals with average risk should take care of the following things:
These are those people who should begin screening before the age of 45. There is a huge chance they may have to get screened for a few other tests. Individuals with taking care of the following things:
It is important for individuals at high risk to talk with their health care provider about the risks of colorectal cancer. They will help in choosing the ideal screening test and schedule.
There is a variety of screening options available for diagnosing colorectal cancer. It needs to understand that there are a few differences between them. However, it is essential to talk with your physician before selecting any particular test. We have listed the major ones in detail below:
There are numerous blood tests that can be used to find out what is the reason for symptoms in their body. Physicians may go for live function tests and blood counts to identify other issues in the body.
The doctors perform these tests to see the inner part of the rectum and colon. It is one of the most common tests for diagnosing colorectal cancer.
The doctors examine the stools during the fecal tests to find any traces of blood or cancer markers.
The doctors recommend the ideal screening method according to risks, symptoms, and other essential factors.
Many factors are evaluated to find the ideal approach to treat colorectal cancer. We have mentioned the major factors in detail below:
After evaluating these factors, the doctors will choose one of the following treatments according to the situation of a patient:
The most commonly used treatment for colorectal cancer is surgery, which mainly aims to remove cancerous tissues. It consists of affected lymph nodes and tumors to stop the cancer spread. The physicians generally suggest local excision and colectomy surgery to stop the cancer stoppage.
The next treatment doctors recommend it is destroying the cancer cells using chemotherapy drugs. It is very helpful for shrinking a tumor before performing the surgery if needed. Patients also get relieved from symptoms when cancer reaches later stages.
The next treatment doctors use for treating colon cancer is targeted therapy, which mainly targets stopping the tumor cells from growing. However, it needs to understand that their adverse effects are quite low compared to chemotherapy.
There are high-energy beams of radiation used during this treatment to demolish the cancer cells and stop their growth. It is used alongside chemotherapy for treating rectal cancer.
The exact timing of when to get screened for colorectal cancer depends on various factors that we have tried to explain in this article. It is suggested you should evaluate those things and consult with your physician.